The History

The Kaabah is situated within the Grand Mosque in Mecca, and is the Qibla (the direction in which Muslims face towards while performing a prayer) for Muslims around the world. This cube-shaped building measuring 12m x 10m x 15m is also known as The House or Baitul Atiq which means the earliest building, free and independent. The Kaabah was the first building constructed as a place of worship for Allah SWT. It was built after Prophet Adam was sent down to the world. The Kaabah has been a witness to the history of human life starting from Adam circumambulating the Kaabah seeking forgiveness from God for the sins he committed; during the time of Noah it was submerged underwater during the flood; it was later rebuilt by Abraham and Ishmael on the same site; it was turned into a place of worship for 365 idols such as al-Lat, al-Uzza and al-Manat during the reign of Quraish; it was attacked by an army of elephants under orders by the governor of Ethiopia; and it was once an exhibition gallery showcasing prominent Arabic poetry. Prophet Muhammad SAW had a notable history with the Kaabah when during a flood he was instructed to place the Hajarul Aswad (Black Stone) there. After the demise of the Prophet Muhammad SAW, Ibn Zubair restored the architecture of the Kaabah to how it was during the time of Prophet Abraham – he placed two doors, each one facing east and west. The Kaabah was again amended at the time of Hajjaj bin Yusuf as-Saqafi by opening the Hijir Ismail and closing the door on the west side with a wall as in the days of the Prophet Muhammad SAW. In 1661 AD, the structure of the Kaabah was badly damaged by the floods in Mecca. Sultan Murad the 4th decreed that the Kaabah be built using granite from Mount Subaikah and this structure has remained until today.